OPTIMUM INDOOR MOISTURE LEVEL

The amount of water vapour present in the air that is indoor is the moisture level in that particular indoor space. It has a huge role in defining the comfort level of the indoor space as well.

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There are many sources that can build or cut down the moisture level inside a home. These include ventilation, house plants, hot water steams from kitchen/bathroom, or even amount of machine that emit heat present in the house. Even the moisture level of outdoors will be a direct influence on the moisture levels of the insides. All these factors and more have a big part to play in determining the indoor moisture level.

While the definition of “ideal level” of moisture or humidity may vary owing to personal preferences or the place you live in, in general, 30-50% of moisture level is considered ideal and comfortable. This range of ideal indoor moisture level is determined by the studies of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
30% to 50% moisture level is not in extremes, it provides a comfortable environment to sustain, prevents the growth of the microorganisms, and is also considered best for a healthy living environment. This level wouldn’t cause any harm and known to be the best suitable and safe ambience. Any amount of drop or rise outside this range of 30-50% may have some serious effects.

The moisture or humidity level above 50% is considered to be a harmful environment to reside in and has side effects on the physical health and the health of the house as well. Healthwise, excess moisture can increase issues for people suffering from asthma, allergies, or even cause nose/throat irritation, fatigue, etc. The health of the house is also adversely affected by excessive humidity. It promotes mould growth, musty smell, peeling wallpaper or paint, fogged windows or water stains on the walls and ceiling, and also can cause malfunctioning of electrical equipment.

Any moisture level that drops below 30% also has bad effects on the house as well as its members. It causes the air to be dry, shrinking wooden furniture, damaging wallpaper, sense of irritability, and more. To the members, it may cause cold or respiratory issues, dry skin, itchiness, dry eyes, and more to list.

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Therefore it is believed that the ideal range of indoor moisture level should be maintained and it shouldn’t be allowed to shoot up above 50% or drop down below 30% so as to have a safe and healthy home environment.

OPTIMUM INTERIOR TEMPERATURE

Interior or indoor temperature is the range of air temperatures that usually people prefer for the indoor setting which gives the feeling of warmth and comfort. The word optimum refers to the centre point, which is not inclined towards any extreme. So, the simple meaning of optimum interior temperature would be that the atmosphere inside should not be in extremes of hot and cold, rather should strike a balance.

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has reached a standard of comfort and warmth for all across the globe which is 18℃ or 64℉. But again, owing to diversity, it is not practically possible to decide one fixed optimum interior temperature for the whole world. It would vary from country to country and also from person to person.

Therefore, a range is chosen instead of a specific value for optimum room temperature by ticking the basic criterions for an ideal interior temperature. The list could include the level of comfort at that temperature, no extremes (not too hot and not too cold), suits in almost all seasons, should suit all kinds of people, should cover the geographic aspect, etc. So the optimum interior temperature ranges from 18℃ to 25℃ or 64℉ to 77℉.

Nowadays there are so many tools available to set the temperature according to what we want it to be. There are air conditioners, heaters, coolers, and so many things. The same house can have different temperatures in different rooms owing to these machines.
If it is hot, AC is switched on and the actual temperature of 25 or 26℃ could be converted to 18℃ within minutes. Or if the temperature is falling down then heaters are there to increase the warmth. So in this era, we have developed technology to optimize interior temperature artificially according to our own needs.

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But these artificial methods are harmful to nature and therefore we should find natural temperatures that suit us without artificially bothering the natural process.

VENTILATION – Do we need it? How to cut cost on it?

Ventilation is referred to as the provision of fresh air or the ability to allow an exchange of the indoor air and the outdoor air. This keeps the space fresh and cool and also does not seal small bacteria or unwanted germs and gases inside the house. It is the house’s way of breathing.

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The ventilation is a very important aspect of a healthy environment of a house. It is very necessary to have a well-ventilated space. It holds importance because it provides fresh oxygen and dilutes pollutants like carbon dioxide, odour, etc.

We have often seen this while cooking something that releases smoke or steam, it is suggested to open the windows or the doors to allow the fresh air to come in and smoky or steamy air to get out. That is basically the concept of ventilation. It is very much required for the indoors to remain fresh, healthy, and protected.

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Long ago, there was no need for us to put extra efforts in setting up a ventilation system. But today with our walls being so thick, the difference in housing materials, and so many more changes, we need a properly planned system that can regulate the ventilation of the house which is costing us a handsome amount.

But there are ways to cut the costs of the ventilation in your home. For instance, we can go natural. The first way to cut costs on a high budgeted house ventilation system to keep things as natural as possible. Planting indoor trees, using windows and doors, no extensive use of mechanical machinery that emits heat, etc. are all ways that can prevent the house to heat up and keep the air fresh with good ventilation.

Secondly, keep the ventilation only up till its required. Otherwise, it is a fact that extensive ventilation would increase cost because the amount of air going out has to be replaced with the same amount and also the fans, exhausts, etc., use more electricity if overused, thus increasing its cost.

Thirdly, mechanical ventilators can help to cut costs if treated sensibly, maintained well, given rest, with an appropriate flow. If not required, this mechanical ventilation can be put to rest with a reduced or negligible flow when not in use.

Lastly, to keep ventilation costs in control, it is important to keep a regular check and put in regular maintenance so that the system does not break down or cause other issues that would cost way more.

HOW TO KEEP A DOG HAPPY AND HEALTHY IN A SMALL APARTMENT

The dog is not only a four-legged animal taking shelter in your home, but it is also your best friend who eventually become a member of the family. When you get a dog, it is your responsibility to make sure that it is fine, happy, and healthy.

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But when you live in a small apartment, it might get difficult to please the dog and maintain proper health. But it is possible if a few things are taken care of. Those things include the following.

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  • Good physical exercise
    One of the main factors to keep your dog happy and healthy is to make sure that it gets the right amount of physical exercise and outings every day. It shouldn’t be home all day. Since the apartment is small, they should be taken out in open natural spaces where they can let out their energy.
  • Give the dog its space at home
    Dogs find it way more relaxing and comforting if they have their own place in the house that is just theirs where they can return and relax. It could be a dog bed with its toys, or a corner, wherever. It feels like its own territory which makes it calm and happy, like a dog space.
  • Make some dog friends
    Dogs can communicate with other dogs in a way which is not possible for us to understand. It is good for them to have someone to talk to, and who doesn’t like friends anyway. The dogs can bond, play with each other, and have a great time, which will keep the dog very happy and always healthy.
  • Stick to a routine
    With dogs, it is best to have a fixed schedule for every walk, meal, and other things. Do not make frequent changes or be irregular in these little things. Keep a fixed time for everything so that the dog knows when to expect what and is never confused or disoriented.
  • Visit the vet regularly
    Now since the apartments are small, the dog needs to be taken out. When taken out there might be many foreign bodies that could enter its body through air pollutants or from something that it might have eaten outside etc. Therefore regular visits to the vet are highly recommended for the dog to be healthy and ultimately happy.